The global development scene continues to experience huge challenges among them extreme poverty; inequality and injustice; and a changing climate that threatens all humanity whether in developed or less developed countries. Faced with this reality, the world came together in September 2015 and adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) crafted through the most consultative process ever to address the enormous global development challenges for the next 15 years. The design of SDGs clearly stipulated that success will depend on strong and well-coordinated local actions with active engagement of all stakeholders including government, development agencies, civil society, community based organizations, academia and private sector; a process referred to localization of SDGS. Localizing SDGs requires clear understanding of the country technical, organizational and governance environment and adaptation of the SDGs to changing country contexts. Since the SDGs came into effect in January 2016, the Somalia Institute for Development and Research Analysis (SIDRA) has taken a key role in generating data, information and knowledge to facilitating localization of SDGS in Somalia.
A policy brief prepared by SIDRA in 2016 highlighted the many challenges of localizing SDGs in Somalia. At the national level, localizing SDGS requires an environment that ensures peace, security and good governance and a government structure where citizens are empowerment to actively participate in development. At the community level, localizing SDGs requires high level of development awareness and ownership among community members and a good appreciation of local needs, resource availability and limitation and opportunities. Institutionally, localizing SDGs requires strong local institutions to provide leadership and facilitate the process including collecting, analyzing and using information to make informed decision; formulating relevant and locally effective policies; and effectively designing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating development initiatives that respond to local needs. In Somalia, most of these structures are weak or are completely missing and there is a big concern on availability and accuracy of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) systems.