Water for Agro-Pastoral Productivity and Resilience Project (P167826)
Land and water for the people of Somalia are fundamental resources for producing food, preserving biodiversity, facilitating the natural management of landscapes and acting as carbon stores. In fact, Article 43 of the Constitution of Somalia declares that “land is Somalia’s primary resource and the basis of the people’s livelihoods.” Appropriate land management can protect and maximize land and related ecosystem services for both transhumant pastoralists and dryland farmers in Somalia. Conversely, as shown by empirical evidence documented by natural resource management experts in the 2017 Somalia Drought Impact and Needs Assessment (DINA) reports, desertification, land degradation and drought have accelerated during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in Somalia. The underlying biophysical and anthropogenic causes of desertification and attendant land degradation in the country are multiple and overlapping.
In support of the Government of Somalia’s National Development Plan (NDP, 2017-2019), the World Bank is providing a grant in the amount of US$40.00 million for the proposed Water for Agro-pastoral Productivity and Resilience Project (P167826, hereinafter referred to as “the WAPR project”). The project, which succeeds the Water for Agro-pastoral Livelihoods Project (P152024, hereinafter referred to as “the WALP”), will seek to facilitate anchor investments in water infrastructure and landscape regeneration and restoration interventions, in support of expanded opportunities for water availability, sustainable livelihoods and strengthened resilience for weathering climate shocks.
Project Development Objective
The Project Development Objective (PDO) of the WAPR project is to develop water and agricultural services for improving productivity and livelihood resilience among agro-pastoralist communities in dry land areas of Somalia.
The Water for Agro-pastoral Productivity and Resilience (WAPR) project contributes to a range of higher-level objectives, consistent with the World Bank’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Improving access to multiple-use water resources (for human consumption, livestock and small-scale irrigation) in a dry-land environment can significantly improve human health and well-being. It reduces the effects of poverty by building community resilience to climate induced risks and the associated vulnerabilities that disproportionately affect the poor. The project will reduce the risks and impacts of floods and droughts in the targeted areas, thereby enhancing the residents’ resilience to these threats, which are exacerbated by climate change. This higher resilience in turn, will contribute to reducing poverty. The project will support income generation through sustainable livelihoods for vulnerable people and catalyzing economic growth in rural areas. By promoting more sustainable use of natural resources, the project will also help improve the availability of water for longer periods, thereby reducing water related displacement and attenuating the drivers of resources-based conflicts
The proposed project builds upon accomplishments of and lessons learnt from the WALP project (P152024) undertaken in Somaliland and Puntland 2016 – 2018.
The primary project beneficiaries are more than 250,000 (of which 140,000 are women) agro-pastoralists in Galmudug, Puntland, South West and Somaliland. The project will provide benefits in the form of access to improved water sources for multiple uses (domestic, livestock, agriculture, and horticulture); agricultural extension services (livestock and crops); improved livelihood resilience and adaptive know-how. The project will make participation of Women mandatory by allocating 30% of leadership positions in village development committees for women. An audit of processes will be conducted to determine risk points where women can be excluded—e.g., selection for asset transfers and Labor Intensive Public Works (LIPW) income earning opportunities. Women will have access to Training in livestock management and cropping that will be designed for family units to not only increase women’s access to training but also increase awareness among all family members of the role women play. Other training will be designed and delivered at times and locations that are convenient to women.
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